1. Welcome to Aquarium Space! We are a friendly online community for aquarium owners all over the world who love their tanks including their fish, reefs, corals, invertebrates and their aquatic livestock. If you haven't joined yet, we invite you to register and join our community!

Poecilia Obscura Endler's

Discussion in 'Livebearer Fish' started by Anthony, May 6, 2010.

  1. Anthony

    Anthony Thread Starter Active Member

    Likes Received:
    2
    Trophy Points:
    38
    Poecilia (Acanthophacelus) obscura or Oropuche guppy, is a new species found in freshwaters of the Oropuche River system, North-eastern Trinidad. The fish is most related to the guppy (P. reticulata) and P. wingei (Endler's Livebearer).

    The species was discovered in the headwaters and upper regions of the northern tributaries to the Oropuche River including the Quare River and La Seiva River. They were also found in the Matura River, the Salybia / Rio Seco Rivers and the L’Ebranche River, which are not tributaries to the Oropuche River but flow independently next north and south into the Atlantic Ocean at the West Coast of Trinidad. The southern and northern boarder of the range of the new species have not been determined exactly, but there are guppies in the Tompire River that flows north of the Matura River and in the Mission River, which flows into the Caribbean Sea. Further west on the northern coastline all the rivers that flow into the Caribbean Sea have no guppies until the Madamas River is reached. This river belongs to the northwestern province, the guppies of which - according to the molecular phylogeny - clearly are P. reticulata. The situation south of the L’Ebranche, wasn't observed yet.

    These fish have been found in these locations.
    P. obscura (OR) Oropuche river (N 10° 43.052’; W 61° 8.871’) Road to Cumaca caves, locus typicus
    P. obscura (O2) Oropuche, headwaters Laboratory strain “Oropuche 2”, established by D. Reznick
    P. obscura (RS) Río Seco River Below Río Seco waterfall, at junction with Salybia River
    P. obscura (Q6) Quare, below Hollis Reservoir Laboratory strain “Quare 6”, established by D. Reznick
    P. obscura (Ma) Matura River tributary (N 10° 40.523’: W 61° 4.407’) 1 km north of road from Sangre Grande to Matura
    P. obscura (LE) L’Ebranche tributary (N 10° 30.528’; W 61° 4.204’) 3 km south of Upper Manzanilla, road to Plum Milan

    "P. obscura" was collected from fast flowing small rivers and ditches with generally clear waters. The species also occurs in downstream habitats. Thus it inhabits both so-called low and high predation sites described in the guppy literature (see Magurran, 2005). The locus typicus (Picture below) is a site in the headwaters of the Oropuche River. The river is here about 5 meters wide and fast flowing with a maximum depth of 1 meter. The riverbed is gravel and sand with some larger rocks in the middle. Submerse plants are absent, but the vegetation on the river banks focally reaches into the water and provides shaded sections throughout most of the day.

    Researchers noted that on February 13 2008 (1 p.m., air temperature 25.5°C) the following parameters were recorded: clear water, water temperature 22.5°C, hardness 5–10, conductivity 51 mS, pH 7, nitrate 0, nitrite 0. Accompanying fishes were Rivulus hartii, Astyanax spec., Ancistrus spec. and small cichlids. The inclusion of cichlids and characins defines the habitat as high predation site.

    The name of the new species is derived from the latin word obscurus (hidden) because of its status as a cryptic species. For the common name we propose to call P. obscura the Oropuche guppy due to its main area of distribution.

    Males and females with sex specific coloration. Body color of adult females grayish brown to yellow, fins hyaline. Body sides of adult males with red, blue, orange and yellow bright pigment spots, some reflecting iridescent, usually with 1 to 3 rounded black spots, sometimes with a series of irregularly thin and short or long brown or light black horizontal lines or with very short brown vertical lines sometimes crossing the horizontal bars. The caudal fin base often shows a lower or upper black spot surrounded by small dark and short dashes and yellow pigment, dorsal or ventral caudal fin rays sometimes pigmented and rarely elongated over the caudal margin of the fin, forming a short “sword”; dorsal fin often whitish, dark or polychromatic colored, sometimes flag-like elongated, all other fins hyaline.

    P. obscura male (a) and female (b) from locus typicus, Oropuche River (OR). (c) P. obscura, population Rio Seco (RS); (d) P, reticulata, population Caroni Swamp (CS); (e) P. reticulata, population Rio Yaguaracual (RY); (f) P. cf “wingei” from El Cordon waterfall (EC); (g) P. wingei from locus typicus, population Campoma (Ca); (h) P. wingei, population Laguna de los Patos (LP).

    [​IMG]
     
  2. MasterBlue

    MasterBlue Active Member

    Likes Received:
    0
    Trophy Points:
    36
    Man... I want some XD
    Look how awesome!
     
  3. Anthony

    Anthony Thread Starter Active Member

    Likes Received:
    2
    Trophy Points:
    38
    As soon as I'm able to find some Im going to get some.
     
  4. MasterBlue

    MasterBlue Active Member

    Likes Received:
    0
    Trophy Points:
    36
    Oooh!!! Let me know where you find some at! I'll have to get rid of my bed to get a new tank... BUT THEY ARE WORTH IT!!!
     
  5. MasterBlue

    MasterBlue Active Member

    Likes Received:
    0
    Trophy Points:
    36
    So, anyone have any luck locating these guys?
    Doing a little bit of study, some of the shown fish might actually be Endler hybrids, based on the body shape, if not Endlers themselves.
    The rest look like they have a guppy body, except the first one, then d and e.
     
  6. Anthony

    Anthony Thread Starter Active Member

    Likes Received:
    2
    Trophy Points:
    38
    Haven't heard of any in the US yet.
     
  7. MasterBlue

    MasterBlue Active Member

    Likes Received:
    0
    Trophy Points:
    36
    Looks like the Japanese private market has many false ones. A guy I know there got some and they ended up being some "fancied" feeder guppies.